Timeline of modern Mongolian history
* March 13, 1921: Provisional People's Government declares independence
* May 31, 1924: U.S.S.R. signs agreement with Peking government,
referring to Outer Mongolia as an "integral part of the Republic of
China," whose "sovereignty" therein the Soviet Union promises to
* May-September 16, 1939: Large scale fighting takes place between
Japanese and Soviet-Mongolian forces along Khalkhyn Gol on
Mongolia-Manchuria border, ending in defeat of the Japanese
expeditionary force. Truce negotiated between U.S.S.R. and Japan.
* October 6, 1949: Newly established People's Republic of China accepts
recognition accorded Mongolia and agrees to establish diplomatic
* October 1961: Mongolia becomes a member of the United Nations.
* January 27, 1987: Diplomatic relations established with the United
* December 1989: First popular reform demonstrations. Mongolian
Democratic Association organized.
* January 1990: Large-scale demonstrations demanding democracy held in
* March 2, 1990: Soviets and Mongolians announce that all Soviet troops
will be withdrawn from Mongolia by 1992.
* May 1990: Constitution amended to provide for multi-party system and
* July 29, 1990: First democratic elections held.
* September 3, 1990: First democratically elected People's Great Hural
* February 12, 1992: New constitution goes into effect.
* April 8, 1992: New election law passed.
* June 28, 1992: Election for the first unicameral legislature (State
* June 6, 1993: First direct presidential election.
* June 30, 1996: Election of first noncommunist government.
* July 2, 2000: Election of the former communist Mongolian Peoples
Revolutionary Party (MPRP); formation of new government by Prime
Minister N. Enkhbayar.